An Adjunct Reference or Replacement for DSM
This newly released reference work is defined as a 3-digit coding system in the vein of the DSM-5 and ICD-10 series intended as an adjunct reference source or replacement.
THE THEORETICAL BACKGROUND FOR THE DCE – I
(An Expanded Narrative Excerpt from the Introductory Chapter One of DCE – I)
A modest number of diagnostic systems of classification have initially been devised for dealing with the complexities associated with the emotions. The majority of these, however, have focused upon the darker aspects of emotionality, a feature of particular interest to intervention by a variety of social institutions. The ICD-10 represents the most prominent manual in this regard, focusing upon the actuarial frequencies of death and disease: as its unabridged original title – The International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death – clearly seems to suggest. An offshoot of the ICD series is the DSM sequence of manuals, the latest of these released as DSM-5. The DSM series (an abbreviation for – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) focuses upon the diagnosis of mental illness, adopting much of the same numerical coding system of the ICD-10 (with some minor modifications). The ICD-10 further deals with a number of related aspects of the emotions; most notably, the identification of criminality/violence as causes of injury or death (the so-called capital crimes). Beyond these more sensationalistic aspects of the emotions, there appears little left in the way of targeting the more positive aspects of the field, as suggested in the related classifications of virtues, values, and ideals. Some serious considerations have recently been proposed in this area, most notably the Values in Action Initiative championed by American psychologist, Dr. Martin Seligman. Indeed, a broad coalition of researchers is currently working towards the release of the Values in Action (VIA) Classification of Strengths Manual, an innovation that extensively focuses upon such positive issues, aiming to counterbalance the inordinate focus on criminality and mental illness in the field of psychology.
Each of the preceding specialized manuals, however, suffers from one basic shortcoming: namely, focusing upon one narrow aspect of the human emotions, to the detriment of the broader picture. It is here that the newly devised science of Powerplay Politics rightfully enters the picture, extending the most promise for such a fully integrated system.
The distinctive groupings of virtues, values, and ideals (highlighted within this system) all appear linked on an intuitive level, suggesting a clear sense of overall cohesiveness. When the virtuous realm is further contrasted with the parallel realm of the vices (in all of its various manifestations), the resultant master hierarchy expands to a grand total of 1,040 individual terms, the complete breakdown is depicted below.
+ + VICES OF EXCESS …….. MENTAL ILLNESS
(Excessive Virtue) ………… (Transitional Excess)
+ MAJOR VIRTUES …….. LESSER VIRTUES
(Virtuous Mode) ………… (Transitional Virtue)
O …… NEUTRALITY STATUS
– VICES OF DEFECT …….. CRIMINALITY
(Absence of virtue) ………… (Transitional Defect)
– – HYPERVIOLENCE ….. HYPERCRIMINALITY
(Excessive Defect) … (Transitional Hyperviolence)
In direct analogy to the four major categories, the transitional variations are similarly organized around the centralized zone of neutrality status – serving as direct transitional entry-points into the realm of the major categories. Accordingly, the various classifications of lesser virtues are depicted immediately adjacent to the main virtuous realm. Similarly, the realm of criminality is illustrated adjacent to the respective vices of defect. Furthermore, with respect to the realm of excess, hypercriminality is directly affiliated with hyperviolence, whereas the communicational factors underlying mental illness are further associated with the vices of excess. Indeed, the intimate dynamics underlying criminality/hypercriminality are fairly straightforward in function: representing transitional maneuvers with respect to the darker realm of defect. Criminality, accordingly, represents the ingrained tendency to initiate new relationships from a selfish or violent perspective, a contention that many a criminologist will undoubtedly attest to.
For sake of completeness, however, further mention must necessarily be made for the remaining transitional category of mental illness. In fitting analogy to the basic transitional format, mental illness is formally defined as the dual sequence of double-bind/counter double-bind maneuvers with respect to the vices of excess. Accordingly, each of the major categories of mental illness; namely, personality disorders, neuroses, mood disorders, and schizophrenia are fully explainable in terms of such a transitional interplay of terms. In keeping with its transitional association to excess (which is formally divorced from the domain of defect), mental illness remains fairly non-threatening in nature: as reflected in studies confirming the non-violent nature of the mentally ill in relation to the general population.
In final analysis, this grand-unified system of emotional categories represents an unprecedented contribution to the field of ethical inquiry, expanding Aristotle’s enduring “Theory of the Mean” into an all-inclusive “theory of everything” of an emotional nature. At the risk of appearing overly simplistic, each of the eight master categories is further subdivided into additional groupings of individual terms. For instance, the major virtues are subdivided into 100 individual terms, whereas the lesser virtues are further specialized into 128 terms. When the six remaining ethical categories are further added into the mix, the grand total extends to a staggering 1,040 individual terms.
A DIAGNOSTIC CLASSIFICATION
OF THE EMOTIONS:
A THREE-DIGIT CODING SYSTEM
FOR AFFECTIVE LANGUAGE ( DCE – I )
John E. LaMuth Editor-in Chief